LEVA-EU has ‘cautiously welcomed’ a study for the European Commission which calls for dedicated legislation for light electric vehicles.
The trade association, headquartered in Belgium, said it was ‘pleased but not fully satisfied’ by the study on Personal Mobility Devices for the European Commission by transport consultancy TRL.
LEVA-EU manager Annick Roetynck said dedicated legislation would curb the ‘growing tendency’ of member states to develop their own, national, technical regulations around LEVs, which all too often ‘result from guesswork’. Roetynck said such legislation would allow manufacturers to supply the whole of the EU with the same vehicle.
Currently, Regulation 168/2013, created for conventional mopeds and motorcycles, and the Machinery Directive, put in place to ensure a common safety level for machinery placed on the European market, govern LEVs. The European Commission has acknowledged that LEVs should be removed from the latter regulation, on the grounds that it is not suitable for vehicles.
LEVA-EU has campaigned for continent-wide LEV legislation as it believes businesses in the urban mobility sector are being ‘hindered’ by the need to navigate existing regulations as this creates ‘very serious legal bottlenecks’.
“A horizontal regulation with essential requirements for all LEVs can provide for an automatic right for vehicles to be placed on the market,” said Roetynck. “This would prevent member states from denying vehicles that comply with the regulation access to public roads.
“It will also force member states to think carefully about the categorisation of vehicles: it will no longer be possible to bury them in ill-adapted categories, as is the case now, for example with L1e-A ‘powered cycles’ and speed pedelecs in the moped category.”
However, LEVA-EU said it found fault with several proposals in the TRL study, which covered standing and seated e-scooters, electrically assisted pedal cycles (EPACs), L1e-A Powered Cycles, cycles designed to pedal in L1e-B (speed pedelecs), electric cargocycles, self-balancing vehicles, e-hoverboards, e-monowheels and e-skateboards.
Roetynck said the recommendation to only exclude vehicles up to 30 km/h from Regulation 168/2013 was ‘unacceptable and illogical’. “For vehicles with a higher speed limit, such as speed pedelecs, TRL suggests to repurpose category L1e-A,” she said. “In this category, the speed limit should be raised to 45 km/h, whilst the power limit of 1,000 W could be retained.”
TRL said the revision of this category would allow cycles designed to pedal to be regulated separately from mopeds and also permit manufacturers to design three- and four-wheeled cycles designed to pedal, which are currently not permitted under L1e-B, thus creating a sub-category that would be ‘highly suitable for pedal-assisted cargo tricycles and quadricycles’.
“We find it utterly illogical for TRL to conclude one thing for EPACs and something completely different for current L1e-A vehicles and cycles designed to pedal up to 45 km/h, such as speed pedelecs,” said Roetynck.
“The issue of the type-approval system is mainly to do with the fact that conventional mopeds and motorcycles are made up of components that are specifically designed for these vehicles and ‘pedal cycle derived vehicles’ not. These are assemblies for components that may be used in different types of vehicles both in and out of type-approval.
“This shows that the TRL-study fails to provide a detailed analysis of the influence of existing legislation at EU level. The report does not say a word about the technical inappropriateness and inaccuracy of current type-approval for light, electric vehicles.
“The proposal for repurposing L1e-A is therefore fundamentally unfounded. All arguments to set up dedicated legislation for LEVs up to 30 km/h are equally as valid for LEVs up to 50 km/h. LEVA-EU will continue to work for this.”
For any further details, please contact Annick Roetynck, tel. +32 9 233 60 05, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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